Ataxia

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    Taxonomy Code: YF-3000.0950

    A condition that occurs when parts of the nervous system that control movement are damaged. People with ataxia experience a failure of muscle control in their arms and legs, resulting in a lack of balance and coordination or a disturbance of gait. While the term ataxia is primarily used to describe this set of symptoms, it is sometimes also used to refer to a family of disorders. It is not, however, a specific diagnosis. Most disorders that result in ataxia cause cells in the part of the brain called the cerebellum to degenerate, or atrophy. Sometimes the spine is also affected. Many ataxias are hereditary and are classified by chromosomal location and a pattern of inheritance. Among the more common inherited ataxias are Friedreich's ataxia and Machado-Joseph disease. Sporadic ataxias can also occur in families with no prior history. Ataxia can also be acquired. Conditions that can cause acquired ataxia include stroke, multiple sclerosis, tumors, alcoholism, peripheral neuropathy, metabolic disorders and vitamin deficiencies.

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    Service NameDescriptionLocationProgramAgency
    MOVEMENT DISORDERS INSTITUTEEvaluates and treats movement disorders, such as Parkinson's disease, dystonia, tremors, tics or Tourette's syndrome, myoclonus (jerky movements), ataxia, drug-induced syndromes, and spasticity, such as from stroke, cerebral palsy, and multiple sclerosis.NassauMOVEMENT DISORDERS INSTITUTELONG ISLAND JEWISH MEDICAL CENTER

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